Bits and bytes are now a big part of our life; the most important thing is that we don’t even know that! Technology is a big part of our life now; at this point, we don’t even know what this bit and byte mean! So, what are actually bits and bytes? What are bits? And what are bytes?
So today, we’re going to know about that deeply. So if I answered you what bits and bytes, I need to say, “At the smallest scale in a computer, information is stored as bits and bytes.” In a word, bits and bytes exist to measure computer data.
What is Bit?
The bit is the smallest form of data. The bit is like a short form of a binary digit. Bits only can be 1 or 0. 1 represents that the bit is on or true or yes or +. And if the bit is 0, then it is off or false or no or –.
So you can think of a bit as a switch. It can be on or off, and it’s the smallest form of data. Remember that a bit can be either a 0 or a 1. It can’t be 0 or 1 at the same time.
A bit is so much small that a bit can’t even express an alphabet. And here we need bytes.
What is Byte?
A bit can’t store a small amount of data, so we need a byte. A byte is a collection of 8 bits.
You can about it like, it’s a collection of eight on or off switches, which can be configured in any number of different combinations to represent different values.
Example of Bits and Bytes
Let me give you an example. If we convert “ANO” this text into bits or bytes, it will look like this “01000001 01001110 01001111”.
That means there are 24 bits of data or 3 bytes of data. Let me give you another example. If we convert 🙂 This smiley face into bits and bytes will look like “00111010 00101001” this one. That means there are 16 bits of data or 2 bytes of data.
Why do we need kilo, mega, and giga?
Bits and bytes are the smallest amounts of data. But in the real world, we use very big data.
Like even a text document containing only three characters, it would need more than one byte of data to represent it. And that’s why we have prefixes like kilo, mega, and giga.
So, this is a small introduction to bits and bytes. I hope you learn something new today!